New research is investigating how hunting sage grouse impacts their populations
It's no secret that sage grouse numbers have been declining in the West for decades. Once numbering in the millions, the ecologically critical species has faltered due to habitat loss from wildfire, drought, and human development.
There's not much research, though, into the role of hunting greater and Gunnison sage grouse across the West. Back in 2013, Jeffrey Beck, a University of Wyoming (UW) professor of wildlife habitat and restoration ecology, began looking into that question.
With the help of Jonathan Dinkins, a former UW postdoctoral researcher and current assistant professor at Oregon State University, that research has resulted in two papers published in PLOS ONE, a journal out of the Public Library of Science.
"We really saw an opportunity to kind of pull all these data together across states and ask a bunch of other questions that hadn't been asked with hunting and sage grouse," said Beck.
The goal was to better understand the management practices of hunting grouse, while also comparing hunting with other forms of human disturbance to see how it influenced population trends amongst sage grouse. Beck and Dinkins examined sage grouse hunting regulations in 11 western states and two Canadian provinces.
The two found that sage grouse hunting is, mostly, not a major factor in the species' population decline thanks to proper management practices through state agencies.
"Most of those states have been really conservative and the regulations recently changing season dates and structures and all kinds of things to reduce the impacts on sage grouse,” said Beck. "Trimming back to the boundaries of hunting units, reducing the season length, allowing fewer birds to be harvested both daily and in possession by hunters. Sometimes closing hunting seasons down if populations get too low."
Beck explained hunting is basically set up to be compensatory, or compensating for other forms of mortality. That's different from additive hunting, which would hurt population numbers over time.
The research was funded completely by Anadarko Petroleum, an oil and gas exploration company now owned by Occidental Petroleum.