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Many Wyomingites worry about community change and a lack of economic diversity

Clockwise from left: Amy Albrecht, Clara Chaffin, Rene Kemper, Justin Farley, Tyler Miller, and Robert Short.
Will Walkey/Wyoming Public Media
Clockwise from left: Amy Albrecht, Clara Chaffin, Rene Kemper, Justin Farley, Tyler Miller, and Robert Short.

Wyoming Public Radio’s Will Walkey recently went on a “listening tour,” where he visited Casper, Sheridan, Gillette and Douglas. He brings us this report from the road. 

Some of Wyoming’s largest cities are at a crossroads as the state looks to diversify its economy and tax revenues. Casper, for example, is hours from any out-of-state metro area and was uncharacteristically warm and quiet on a recent Thursday in October. Justin Farley, CEO of Advance Casper the local economic development alliance, said a lot of his job is convincing new companies to see Natrona County’s appeal.

“We really have to be self-reliant,” he said. “We’re a very industrious, extraordinarily talented workforce. But the cycles, the boom-bust cycles, we just really want to try to find a way to smooth that out a little bit for people.”

Farley wants Casper to become even more of a hub for manufacturing, aerospace and science. He also said it’s important that small businesses continue to fill storefronts and restaurants downtown.

“If we like it, and it's something that we want, our private sector generally steps up and fills that void,” Farley said. “It’s all up to us.”

The Better Together Mural in Casper contains the names of over 1,200 community members and essential workers.
(Will Walkey/Wyoming Public Media)
The Better Together Mural in Casper contains the names of over 1,200 community members and essential workers.

But Casper leaders are not the only people across the state that see a need for new ventures. The governor is focusing a loton trying to attract talented workers here, and locals throughout the state want the same thing.

“Our kids that grow up here and get educated here, we'd like to have them back in the workforce and keep our families together and not have them leaving to go find tech jobs somewhere else,” said Tyler Miller, president of a heavy equipment construction company in Gillette.

“I've just seen so many people who had great jobs now don't have it, and they don't have the insurance,” said former railroad worker Joanne Hanson.

Mayor of Douglas Rene Kemper said she wants to diversify her town’s revenue streams to help pay for shortfalls in local housing, water supply and education programs.

“Our hotels, when they're full, they're full of the guys working on the wind farms, coal bed methane workers, oil field workers, they're not your tourists,” she said. “They're not going to go down to the shop and buy a couple T-shirts.”

Heading north from Casper on I-25, a herd of several hundred sheep interrupted travelers driving through downtown Kaycee. Many people stopped to watch, wave at the ranchers and say hello to their neighbors.

A herd of sheep moving through Kaycee, Wyo.

It’s this Wyoming, featuring the charm of the main street, that people still love. Amy Albrecht has lived in Sheridan for 30 years and echoes those feelings.

“I think the thing that makes me the happiest other than just looking at the mountains every day is that I really feel like in this state you can make a difference,” she said. “You can actually make real change. Because you know your legislator, and if you don't, you could find him or her pretty quickly.”

Albrecht works for the Center for a Vital Community, a local nonprofit affiliated with Sheridan College. She talks to a lot of businesses and members of the public who share her values. And many of them are worried their home state is becoming too popular.

“When you feel like you have something that's special, you want to hold on to that,” she said. “What does that mean? You don't get to shut the gate behind you.”

A block of stores in Sheridan.
(Will Walkey/Wyoming Public Media)
A block of stores in Sheridan.

Property taxes, election integrity and green energy were all mentioned during the tour, and others had complaints about inflation, the federal government and immigration at the U.S.- Mexico border. But perhaps the most divisive issue was the perception that local communities are changing partially because of people moving in from out of state.

“The problem, concern, I have, and I've seen it before, is when they move here, they don't necessarily leave what they didn't like there,” said Gillette welder Dave Collins. “They sometimes try and reinvent it here.”

“I'm not one that wants to attract a lot of diversity into our state,” Tyler Miller of Gillette said. “I think our state is conservative and we enjoy our neighbors and we enjoy doing the things that we do in Wyoming, we don't want to bring in a lot of change.”

A mural at Gillette's downtown 3rd Street Plaza.
(Will Walkey/Wyoming Public Media)
A mural at Gillette's downtown 3rd Street Plaza.

Issues brought up about newcomers include new money driving up housing prices, changing political values and a loss of community character. Meanwhile, others were more welcoming to new voices.

“We are seeing some people moving in from other states. When I asked them why they chose to come here, they said they wanted this small town feel,” said Douglas community development director Clara Chaffin. “Not a single one of them has said, ‘I moved here and now I want to change Wyoming.’ Every single one of them has said, ‘I want to be here because I like the way Wyoming is.’”

“I’m probably a lot more liberal than other people that reside in this state. And so for me. I struggle with some of the conservative viewpoints and some of the legislation that comes up as a result of that,” said Douglas resident Chaz Kokesch. “People like me I feel just don't have much of a voice because there aren't enough of us.”

A tourist attraction in Douglas, the self-proclaimed, "Jackalope Capital of the World."
(Will Walkey/Wyoming Public Media)
A tourist attraction in Douglas, the self-proclaimed, "Jackalope Capital of the World."

Many people didn’t have much to say specifically about their state legislator, though several town officials would like officials to provide more revenue for education and health programs.

The drive from Gillette to Douglas, the final leg of the trip, is quintessential Wyoming. I passed windmills and trains full of coal, oil rigs and cattle ranches, herds of pronghorn, wide open spaces and very few people. Robert Short, a commissioner in Converse County, had a lot to say about Wyoming’s future.

“We want to see good paying jobs, we want to see good growing communities, we want to see good, vibrant healthy discourse, and we want nothing to change,” he said. “And therein is the rub. Because those other things can’t happen without a willingness to change a little bit.”

The town where Short’s from, Glenrock, may be getting a next-generation nuclear reactor in the next decade, which he’s excited about. He also wants to see more electric vehicle charging stations, innovative farming techniques and other newer industries grow in the state. But most of all, he wants to see more willingness from politicians to try new things.

“We've had it really good here. Coal, oil and gas and uranium have paved the way for a long time, we cannot continue to saddle them with more and more of the burden,” Short said.

The political makeup of Wyoming for next year was mostly decided in the primary, though a few key races are still contested. But one thing’s for sure, people are paying attention to the big questions that the state faces in the coming years no matter who has the power.

Will Walkey is currently a reporter for Wyoming Public Radio. Through 2023, Will was WPR's regional reporter with the Mountain West News Bureau. He first arrived in Wyoming in 2020, where he covered Teton County for KHOL 89.1 FM in Jackson. His work has aired on NPR and numerous member stations throughout the Rockies, and his story on elk feedgrounds in Western Wyoming won a regional Murrow award in 2021.
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