The White House on Saturday published one-half of its long-awaited Israeli-Palestinian peace plan — a multibillion-dollar proposal to upgrade the Palestinian economy. The Palestinian leadership has already rejected it, and so far, it has been widely panned by former U.S. envoys and Mideast policy experts.
The proposal, presented on the White House website ahead of a conference this week in Bahrain to promote the Trump administration's peace plan, features slick promotional language, billing it as a kind of Marshall Plan and "the most ambitious and comprehensive international effort for the Palestinian people to date."
According to the proposal, drafted by White House senior advisor Jared Kushner and his peace team, if a comprehensive peace agreement is reached, a $50 billion international fund would be set up. More than half the money would be allocated for the West Bank and Gaza's infrastructure and economy, with the goal of creating 1 million Palestinian jobs and doubling the Palestinian GDP within a decade. The rest of the money would go to increasing trade, exports and foreign direct investment in neighboring Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon.
It is unclear who would contribute the funding. On Tuesday, Kushner is scheduled to convene a workshop in Bahrain to ask primarily Gulf Arab countries and investors to pitch in and underwrite this vision. The White House hasn't said whether it will contribute, and for the past year, the U.S. has been cutting aid to the Palestinians.
Kushner has called his proposal the "opportunity of the century" and he and Israeli officials have chided Palestinians for rejecting it.
Critics say the proposal is doomed to fail because it does not address central political sticking points of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, such as whether Israel will relinquish most of the West Bank to the Palestinians and the Palestinians can create an independent state.
Palestinians argue that their economic progress is held back because of the Israeli occupation and their lack of an independent state, and they argue these issues need to be dealt with first. The White House says it will present its political plan perhaps later this year.
Here is a roundup of reaction to the White House proposal.
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas
Abbas laid out his concerns on Sunday in a news conference with international media at his West Bank office.
We need the money and really, we need assistance. But before everything, there is a political solution. When there is a political solution, when there is a vision of a Palestinian state ... then we can say, dear world, come to assist us, we are ready to receive assistance.
We will not be slaves of [Jared] Kushner and [U.S. peace envoy Jason] Greenblatt and the other one, [U.S. Ambassador to Israel David] Friedman.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
Netanyahu spoke while touring the Israeli-occupied West Bank's strip of land bordering Jordan with John Bolton, President Trump's national security adviser.
Under any peace agreement, our position will be that Israel's presence should continue here for Israel's security and for the security of all. In general, I would say that we'll hear the American proposition, hear it fairly and with openness. I cannot understand how the Palestinians, before they even heard the plan, rejected it outright. That's not the way to proceed. We believe that peace is coupled and dependent on security. Our presence here guarantees security, and therefore guarantees peace.
Daniel Kurtzer, former U.S. ambassador to Israel
Kurtzer served as ambassador under President George W. Bush and tweeted this reaction.
I would give this so-called plan a C- from an undergraduate student. The authors of the plan clearly understand nothing.
Michael Koplow, policy director, Israel Policy Forum
Koplow is affiliated with a centrist U.S. advocacy group promoting a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. From Twitter:
It is the Monty Python sketch of Israeli-Palestinian peace initiatives.
Even consider[ing] that this plan treats the West Bank and Gaza as a single entity, which is great so far as the Palestinians are concerned but runs contrary to current Israeli policy and is also belied by the facts on the ground. This really is the dead parrot sketch as [Israeli-Palestinian] peace[.]
Dan Shapiro, former U.S. ambassador to Israel
Shapiro, who served under President Barack Obama, shared his reaction with NPR.
There are plenty of good ideas in the economic plan. None of them are new. They have been proposed in previous economic plans.
But there are two big problems. First, the U.S. had aid programs to support all these goals, but the Trump administration canceled them. That kills our credibility in asking others for money.
Second, you can't get others to invest in this effort without knowing the political backdrop. And since the administration has not presented its political plan, I expect most countries in Bahrain to say, "We are theoretically prepared to invest later, as long as we are talking about a two-state solution."
Dave Harden, former director of the U.S. Agency for International Development's mission for the Palestinian territories
Harden directed the local USAID mission under Obama. He spoke with NPR on Sunday.
None of this is actually new. ... We've had lots of discussions about opening up Gaza, or power and water, or bringing in agriculture and trade. In many respects, none of this is new. The limitation has always been implementing it and making it succeed.
Israel is the dominant party ... they have the most opportunity, control, power and ability to change the economic equation. Certainly more than the Palestinian Authority and Hamas.
I like that [the plan is] audacious. I like that it's regional. I like that it includes other actors, other nations. ...
The negotiating team is not credible in the eyes of the Palestinians. And so, therefore, it is very likely that they don't get as much traction as they want, because they are perceived as being completely one-sided. So the bottom line is: good plan, big ideas, unlikely to succeed.
Robi Damelin, Israeli spokeswoman, the Parents Circle Families Forum
Damelin is affiliated with a peace group of Israelis and Palestinians who have lost family members in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. She and a Palestinian colleague, Bassam Aramin, are pictured in the U.S. economic plan promotional materials. In an op-ed for Haaretz with the headline "We Bereaved Israeli and Palestinian Parents Will Not Be Pawns in Kushner's Peace Plan," she complains about use of the photos, referring to herself and Aramin in the third person.
The U.S. administration decided to cut all funding for cross-border peace and reconciliation activities. Imagine what this did to hospitals, to schools and to all the nongovernmental organizations. This message, given with little warning or time to plan, left us with a 30% hole in our budget.
Now comes the most cynical and cruel abuse of these two people and their organization. Jared Kushner is using them as a pawn by displaying their pictures to illustrate and unveil his "Economy First" plan for Mideast peace. He did not ask their permission, which would not have been granted. We as an organization have nothing to do with this plan and resent the use of our pictures.
Tzachi Hanegbi, Israel's minister for regional cooperation
Speaking Sunday with Israeli radio, Hanegbi discussed the U.S. proposal for a road or train linking the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
[It] will be relevant when Gaza will stop being a pro-Iranian terror kingdom, meaning it's irrelevant today and in the foreseeable future.
Dore Gold, former director general of Israel's Foreign Ministry
Gold, who has served as a longtime adviser to Netanyahu, spoke with NPR after the U.S. economic proposal was unveiled.
The trains are pulling out of the station. Unfortunately, the Palestinians are letting go. I think the [Bahrain] event could be important, if handled correctly. There are a number of issues that, if dealt with, could be an advantage, even if it does not replace the political solution.
Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations Danny Danon
Danon shared his views in a June 24 New York Times op-ed.
President Mahmoud Abbas and the chief Palestinian negotiator, Saeb Erekat, say that the plan is dead on arrival and that engaging with it is tantamount to a Palestinian declaration of surrender. I ask: What's wrong with Palestinian surrender? ...
A national suicide of the Palestinians' current political and cultural ethos is precisely what is needed for peace. The belief that the Jews have no right to the land and Israel is to be destroyed, which engenders a culture of hate and incitement, needs to end. ... The United States did not eradicate the German and Japanese people after their surrender in World War II, but instead helped transform them from imperial military powers to what are today among the world's leading economic powerhouses. ... There is no reason to believe a Palestinian declaration of surrender could not lead to a similar transformation.
Ambassador Husam Zomlot, Palestinian envoy to the United Kingdom and former envoy to the U.S.
Zomlot tweeted in response to Danon's New York Times op-ed.
Obviously the Trump [Middle East] team are acting on such supremacists ideas. Except we don't have an army that can surrender. We only have the greatest most resilient nation on earth: the people of Palestine. Surrender is not part of our history, resurrection is!
MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:
Over the weekend, the White House released what it calls a new vision for building the Palestinian economy. Tomorrow, presidential adviser Jared Kushner convenes a workshop in Bahrain to ask countries and investors to pitch in $50 billion to underwrite this vision. The White House, though, has not said if it will contribute. And for a year, the U.S. has been cutting aid money to the Palestinians. Meanwhile, the Palestinians have already rejected this economic plan.
NPR's Daniel Estrin joins me now from Jerusalem. Hi, Daniel.
DANIEL ESTRIN, BYLINE: Hello there.
KELLY: Hey. So start with some detail on this plan. What exactly is in it?
ESTRIN: It's a list of more than a hundred projects talking about upgrading infrastructure and economy and hospitals and trade for Palestinians, which are all things that Palestinians really, really need. This plan is talking about creating a million jobs, about doubling the Palestinian GDP. And, actually, a lot of the projects that the White House is proposing are things that USAID has been doing but that the Trump administration simply defunded over the last year.
KELLY: So reception in the region - we mentioned Palestinians have already rejected this plan, and the Israelis are not even invited to this conference tomorrow. Is that correct?
ESTRIN: That's right. The White House says it's not inviting Israeli officials because it doesn't want to politicize this event. Several Arab countries are going to this event, but they're quite skittish about being there when the Palestinians are completely and utterly rejecting the U.S. approach. The Palestinians say their economy's being held back because of the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Israeli restrictions on things like building infrastructure in the majority of the West Bank.
Jared Kushner, who is the president's man putting all this peace plan together, says the Palestinians are missing the opportunity of the century. And here's what Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas had to say about that.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
PRESIDENT MAHMOUD ABBAS: (Foreign language spoken).
ESTRIN: He said, "we are not going to be slaves or servants to Kushner and his team." You know, his main point is, yes, Palestinians need money, but Palestinians need independence more.
KELLY: It sounds, Daniel, as though quite the challenging table being set before they even get underway tomorrow night in Bahrain. What are you expecting to actually come out of this meeting?
ESTRIN: That's a really good question, Mary Louise, because it's a series of panels discussing things like health care and upgrading the Palestinian infrastructure. There will be some Israeli private sector people there. There will be Arab investors there, American investors, but no sense whether there's actually going to be money put on the table if no one knows what the second half of the Middle East peace plan is, which is the political half. Jared Kushner says he's only going to present that part later this year.
KELLY: OK, so this is the economic slice of the U.S.-led...
KELLY: ...Efforts for peace in the Middle East. We watch and wait to see what may happen on the political side.
KELLY: I want to ask before we let you go, Daniel, about another gathering. There are meetings underway involving U.S. officials, also Russian officials. What's going on?
ESTRIN: Right. Well, national security adviser John Bolton is here. And tomorrow, he is meeting his Russian counterpart and his Israeli counterpart. They're going to be discussing Iran and Syria and regional issues. And defense analysts in Israel say this is basically what they expect to happen. Israel wants Russia to make Iranian forces leave Syria. And in return, the U.S. and Israel may offer a gesture acknowledging the reality that Assad will stay in power in Syria. We'll have to wait and see what comes out of the meeting.
KELLY: OK, so this is all about Iran and U.S. and Israeli efforts to get Russia on board with where they want to take that situation. All right, NPR's Daniel Estrin tracking a lot of moving parts there from Jerusalem.
ESTRIN: That's right.
KELLY: Thank you, Daniel.
ESTRIN: You're welcome. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.