A state-by-state analysis of opioid prescriptions for people who visited emergency rooms with a sprained ankle show one in four patients were given opioids for pain.
The study looked at insurance claims for ER visits between 2011 and 2015.
At the low end, prescribing rates were around three percent and at the high end 40. The overall average was 25 percent.
“We were pretty surprised to see that this high of a proportion of patients who were being treated for this condition were getting opioids,” said Kit Delgado, the lead author of the paper and assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania.
There was not enough data to track Wyoming and Montana but Colorado, Utah and Idaho prescribing rates were around the 25 percent level.
Between 2011 and 2015 awareness about opioids was still growing, Delgado said.
“It showed that there was definitely some room for improvement in terms of not overprescribing for a minor injury like an ankle sprain.”
Prescribing rates are going down though. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed new prescribing guidelines for doctors in 2017.