In The Shadow Of 'The Planets' Lies Gustav Holst's Sweet Little Suite

Mar 11, 2020
Originally published on March 11, 2020 9:59 am

Morning Edition's series One-Hit Wonders / Second-Best Songs focuses on musicians or bands whose careers are defined by a single monster hit, and explains why their catalogs have much more to offer.

In this edition, NPR's classical producer Tom Huizenga makes the case for the charming, danceable St. Paul's Suite by Gustav Holst, who's best known for his symphonic juggernaut called The Planets.


Not long after Gustav Holst's The Planets premiered in 1918, it became a supernova hit. It still is. In the coming weeks alone, you can hear The Planets in Berlin, Baltimore, LA and Paris. It's also been sampled, stolen and favored by the likes of Frank Zappa, John Williams, Hans Zimmer and any number of prog-rock and metal bands.

The Planets is an extraordinary tour de force, a chance for any symphony orchestra to strut its stuff. There is the wall of sound, ear blasting music heard in "Mars, the Bringer or War"; some trippy, spaced out music in "Neptune, the Mystic"; and then some totally singable tunes found in "Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity."

But there's a lot more to Holst than this single, smash hit. He was an idiosyncratic composer, marching to the beat of his own drum, as they say. He was interested in Hindu philosophy. He took texts from the Rig Veda and set them to music — very mysterious and very beautiful. And he was also absorbed in the folk music of his homeland, the British Isles, which is evident in his wonderful piece for string orchestra called the St. Paul's Suite. And it couldn't sound more different than The Planets.

YouTube

The 12-minute suite begins with a danceable jig which morphs into another one and just keeps the groove going. It also has quiet, mysterious corners, like third movement "Intermezzo," where there's almost an Eastern-inspired feel, as a solo violin spins a serpentine little melody, joined by a solo viola. It's just really gorgeous.

I love how Holst ends the suite, again with a dance movement. It's his own version of this British dance called the Dargason. And listen to how he seamlessly weaves into it the song that many of us know as "Greensleeves."

Holst wrote the music in 1912 for the St. Paul's Girls School in London. He had been made the director of music at that school when he was about 30 and remained there until he died in 1934, at age 59.

No disrespect to The Planets, because it is a great piece. And if you get a chance to hear it live — which you will — you should go for it. But it's important not to forget about these other pieces that kind of lie on the dark side of Holst's moon.

Copyright 2020 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

The English composer Gustav Holst had a big hit on his hands when he composed this orchestral blockbuster.

(SOUNDBITE OF GUSTAV HOLST'S "MARS, THE BRINGER OF WAR")

GREENE: My, God. I feel the power. That is "Mars, The Bringer Of War" from "The Planets." It has been a staple for symphony orchestras worldwide for a hundred years, but the composer never enjoyed a similar success. For our series One-Hit Wonders/Second-Best Songs, Tom Huizenga from NPR Music says the immense popularity of "The Planets" casts a long shadow over the rest of Gustav Holst's music.

TOM HUIZENGA, BYLINE: After "The Planets" premiered in 1918, it really kind of thrust this mild-mannered composer, Gustav Holst, into the public consciousness. I mean, it was, like, this supernova hit, and it still is. I mean, in the next coming months, you can hear "The Planets" in Berlin, Baltimore, LA and Paris. I mean, it's also been sampled and stolen and adored by the likes of Frank Zappa and John Williams and Hans Zimmer and any number of prog rock and metal bands.

But really, there's a lot more to Holst than this one smash hit. He was a very idiosyncratic composer. He was really interested in Hindu philosophy. He took texts from the Rigveda and set them to music very mysterious and very beautiful. But he was also very interested in the folk music of his homeland, the British Isles, which is very evident in this wonderful piece for string orchestra called the "St. Paul's Suite." And it couldn't sound more different than "The Planets."

(SOUNDBITE OF GUSTAV HOLST'S "ST. PAUL'S SUITE")

HUIZENGA: The "St. Paul's Suite" begins with his danceable jig, which morphs into another one and just keeps the groove going. Holst wrote it in 1912 for the St. Paul's Girls School. He had been made the director of music at that school when he was about 30, and he remained there until he died at age 59. Another thing I really like about the "St. Paul's Suite" is that it has these little, quiet, mysterious corners. You should check out the third movement called "Intermezzo," where we have this kind of exotic, almost Asian feel as a solo violin spins this serpentine little melody, then joined by a solo viola. It's just really gorgeous.

(SOUNDBITE OF GUSTAV HOLST'S "ST. PAUL'S SUITE: INTERMEZZO")

HUIZENGA: Sometimes hits are so monstrous that they just overshadow everything. No disrespect to "The Planets" because it is a great piece - and if you get to hear it live, you should go for it - but it's important not to forget about these other pieces that kind of lie on the dark side of Holst's moon, these pieces that really deserve more attention than they've got over the years.

(SOUNDBITE OF GUSTAV HOLST'S "ST. PAUL'S SUITE")

GREENE: That was Tom Huizenga, classical producer with NPR Music. He selected "St. Paul's Suite" by Gustav Holst for our series One-Hit Wonders/Second-Best Songs. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.