In Rural Oregon, Threats And Backlash Follow Racial Justice Protests

Sep 3, 2020
Originally published on September 3, 2020 3:41 pm

Shortly after Minneapolis police killed George Floyd, 28-year-old Josie Stanfield organized a Black Lives Matter protest in the Central Oregon town of Prineville, home to about 10,000 residents. Fewer than 1% are Black.

"The reason I did this was because I went to high school here, and I didn't have a good time in the community. I've always been targeted for being Black since high school," Stanfield said.

She remembers classmates throwing food at her or whispering the N-word in the hallways.

A couple weeks after the first Prineville protest, Stanfield met with local police chief Dale Cummins to discuss issues of race and policing. It didn't go well. She posted a video about the meeting on Facebook.

"We were repeatedly told that we are only .8% of the county. Basically, why are we making noise? Why are we asking them to do things when we are the only ones that care?" Stanfield narrates in the June 12 post.

The next day, Cummins responded with his own video on the police department's official Facebook page.

"Josie Stanfield made a video and quite frankly completely lied about the conversation. And the things she didn't quite lie about, she twisted around," the chief said. That video has since been removed.

Stanfield got a slew of threatening Facebook messages. One from June 18 reads: "I promise I will run you over in my lifted Chevy... Don't like it here go back to Africa."

Josie Stanfield leads a Black Lives Matter demonstration in Prineville, Ore.
Emily Cureton / Oregon Public Broadcasting

Screenshots Stanfield provided to Oregon Public Broadcasting show her asking Prineville police officers to pursue harassment charges against a different man who posted menacing comments.

"I spoke to him (via FB) yesterday, and he was apologetic. I don't see that being an issue further," Capt. Larry Seymour replied through the department's Facebook account.

The conflict has now spread offline, into weekly protests in front of the county courthouse. Most weekends this summer, distinct groups faced off from either side of a state highway, as passing engines rev and horns honk.

On a recent Saturday, people on one side of the road held handmade cardboard signs supportive of Black Lives Matter or Stanfield specifically. They chanted: "No justice, no peace," and "Say their names."

Across the street, a crowd waved flags: American flags, pro-police flags, Trump 2020 flags and the Confederate flag. They chanted: "Go home, commies, go home." One woman's T-shirt read: "Lying Josie has got to go."

More than a dozen members of the Oregon Three Percent Zone 5 militia showed up. Some carried assault rifles and zip-tie handcuffs. The zone leader, Jerrad Robison, said some people from the flag side of the street had asked them to come and keep the peace.

Many townspeople said they were there to protect Prineville from riots. Ken Clark and Brandi Gagnon sat behind a poster reading: "BLM is a RACIST movement... PROVE ME WRONG."

"It's 2020. Nobody cares about the color of your skin anymore. We really don't. Nobody does," Clark said.

"They're terrifying our children with every weekend of blasting off about something that doesn't matter," Gagnon added.

The protests are tense, and violence was just narrowly avoided during at least one event. In recent weeks, police have cited and arrested people after altercations and reckless driving.

These heated confrontations happen across the street from Prineville police headquarters. That Facebook video from the police chief about Stanfield had been viewed more than 39,000 times.

"We're only a town of 10,000, but we have almost 18,000 followers on our Facebook page," Cummins, who is white, said in a phone interview last month.

According to him, the video did not violate any department policies.

"I get criticism and that's just part of my job," he said.

When asked whether he had ever before used social media to call out someone by name who criticized him, Cummins replied: "I have never had to."

He declined to discuss details, citing pending litigation. Stanfield's attorney threatened legal action against the city unless it retracted the video.

Until recently, Cummins was in a state leadership role for police oversight, as one of 13 members of Oregon's Department of Public Safety Standards and Training police policy committee, which is meant to uphold professional standards by disciplining violators. He stepped down in August, telling the agency director in an email, "I unfortunately have to focus my attention on other matters at this time."

Speaking broadly, the chief said he doesn't believe systemic racism is an issue for local police and that the implementation of bias training and body cameras are evidence of progress.

Oregon Public Broadcasting asked Cummins if Black lives matter.

"It is almost a little offensive when I hear it, because I don't want to minimize the movement and I understand the movement, but everybody equally matters to us. It doesn't matter the color of your skin. It matters that we do our best to protect you," he replied.

After 10 weeks, the video had disappeared from social media, with no public comment from Cummins. Instead, the city of Prineville posted an unattributed statement on its Facebook page Aug. 21.

It reads, in part, "We, as a community, must continue to have an encouraging and constructive dialogue with each other as we attempt to promote our core values. To further this goal, the City has removed a video from the Prineville Police Department's Facebook page. The video has remained posted in an effort of transparency, but has instead become a distraction to constructive dialogue."

Prineville City Manager Steve Forrester did not respond to requests for comment.

Stanfield, a mother of three, said that she doesn't feel protected by local police and that the consequences of Cummins' video about her go far beyond the unrest happening outside the courthouse.

"I hide in my house. I hide in my backyard. I hide in my front yard. Cars drive by, and I duck because I don't know who's going to see me and where I'm living," she said.

Stanfield described losing some hope through the ordeal. She said that changing people's minds in Prineville is unlikely and that moving the needle would require a total overhaul of the town's leadership, starting with a new police chief.

"I've had so many people say we didn't have racism here until I started the protest."

: 9/02/20

A previous version of this story misspelled Larry Seymour's last name as Seymore.

Copyright 2020 Oregon Public Broadcasting. To see more, visit Oregon Public Broadcasting.

NOEL KING, HOST:

In Oregon, anti-racism protests aren't happening only in Portland. In one rural town, conflicts that started on social media have now spilled onto a courthouse lawn. Here's Emily Cureton from Oregon Public Broadcasting.

EMILY CURETON, BYLINE: Shortly after Minneapolis police killed George Floyd, Josie Stanfield organized a Black Lives Matter protest. The 28-year-old lives in Prineville, a central Oregon town of about 10,000 residents. Fewer than 1% of them are Black.

JOSIE STANFIELD: So, like, the reason I did this was 'cause I went to high school here, and I didn't have a good time in the community. I've always been targeted for being Black since high school. I've always been the Black kid that got targeted specifically for being Black.

CURETON: Stanfield remembers classmates throwing food at her and whispering the N-word in the hallways. A couple of weeks after the first Prineville protest, she met with the local police chief, Dale Cummins. It didn't go well. She posted a video about the meeting on Facebook.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

STANFIELD: We were repeatedly, repeatedly told that we are only 0.8% of the county. Basically, why are we making noise?

CURETON: Chief Cummins responded with his own video on the department's official Facebook page.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

DALE CUMMINS: Josie Stanfield made a video and, quite frankly, completely lied about the conversation.

CURETON: Stanfield got a slew of threatening Facebook messages. One says, quote, "I promise I will run you over in my lifted Chevy."

(SOUNDBITE OF CAR HORN HONKING)

CURETON: The conflict has now spread offline into weekly protests in front of the county courthouse.

(SOUNDBITE OF ENGINE REVVING)

CURETON: Distinct groups face off on either side of a highway. On one side of the road, people hold handmade cardboard signs supportive of Black Lives Matter or Josie Stanfield specifically. Across the street, a crowd waves flags - American flags, pro-police flags, Trump 2020 flags and the Confederate flag. One woman's T-shirt says, lying Josie has got to go.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTERS: (Chanting) Go home, commies, go home. Go home, commies, go home.

CURETON: On a recent Saturday, more than a dozen members of a militia, the Oregon III% Zone 5, show up. Some carry assault-style rifles and zip-tie handcuffs. The paramilitary group aligns with conservative causes.

(SOUNDBITE OF WALKIE-TALKIE)

CURETON: Townspeople say they're here to protect Prineville from riots. Ken Clark and Brandi Gagnon sit behind a sign that reads, Black Lives Matter is a racist movement. Prove me wrong. They say the conflict isn't about race.

KEN CLARK: I - no. That's been - it's 2020. Nobody cares about the color of your skin anymore. We really don't. Nobody does.

BRANDI GAGNON: They're terrifying our children with every weekend of blasting off about something that doesn't matter.

CURETON: The day is tense, and violence is just narrowly avoided.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

UNIDENTIFIED PERSON: All of you, back up now. Back up.

CURETON: In recent weeks, though, police have cited and arrested people after altercations.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

UNIDENTIFIED PERSON: Back up. Back up. Back up.

CURETON: These heated confrontations are happening across the street from police headquarters. That Facebook video Prineville Police Chief Dale Cummins posted about activist Josie Stanfield, it's now been viewed more than 39,000 times.

CUMMINS: You know, we're only a town of 10,000, but we have seven - almost 18,000 followers on our Facebook page.

CURETON: Cummins says he didn't violate any department policies, and the chief's refused to retract the video.

CUMMINS: I get criticism, and that's just part of my job.

CURETON: And have you ever called someone out on social media by name before who criticized you?

CUMMINS: I have never had to.

CURETON: Black Lives Matter activist Josie Stanfield says the consequences of the police chief's video go beyond unrest outside the courthouse.

STANFIELD: I hide in my house. I hide in my backyard. I hide in my front yard. Cars drive by, and I duck because I don't know who's going to see me and where I'm living, you know?

CURETON: She says she's lost some hope.

STANFIELD: I've had so many people say we didn't have racism here until I started the protest.

CURETON: She thinks real change would take a total overhaul of the town's leadership and a new police chief.

For NPR News, I'm Emily Cureton in Prineville, Ore.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC) Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.