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Biden tests positive for COVID and shows mild symptoms, White House says

President Biden departs Holy Trinity Catholic Church in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C., after attending a Mass on Sunday, July 17, 2022.
Andrew Harnik
President Biden departs Holy Trinity Catholic Church in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C., after attending a Mass on Sunday, July 17, 2022.

Updated July 21, 2022 at 3:09 PM ET

President Biden has tested positive for COVID-19, the White House announced on Thursday.

He is fully vaccinated and twice boosted and, according to White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre, "experiencing very mild symptoms." She said he has begun taking Paxlovid, a standard course of treatment for people who are considered to be at higher risk of adverse affects of COVID, including anyone over 50.

Biden "will isolate at the White House and will continue to carry out all of his duties fully during that time," Jean-Pierre said in a statement. "He has been in contact with members of the White House staff by phone this morning, and will participate in his planned meetings at the White House this morning via phone and Zoom from the residence."

Biden's last previous test for COVID was Tuesday, when he had a negative test result, the statement said.

A letter from Dr. Kevin O'Connor, Biden's physician, said Biden was experiencing a runny nose and fatigue, "with an occasional dry cough, which started yesterday evening."

"The president is fully vaccinated and twice-boosted, so I anticipate that he will respond favorably, as most maximally protected patients do," the letter said. "Early use of Paxlovid in this case provides additional protection against severe disease."

First lady Jill Biden tested negative Thursday morning in Detroit, her spokesman Michael LaRosa told NPR's Tamara Keith. She will keep her full schedule in Michigan and Georgia on Thursday, he added.

"She will continue following CDC guidance with masking and distancing," LaRosa said in an emailed statement.

The first lady plans to head to Wilmington, Del., later Thursday, which had been the president's plan as well.

Biden, in a video postedon his official Twitter account, said he's "doing well and getting a lot of work done." Even though Biden is isolated, he was also photographed Thursday. Jean-Pierre said that the photo and video released of Biden today were taken by people wearing N-95 masks and keeping at least 6' of distance from Biden.

Dr. Ashish Jha, the White House coronavirus response coordinator, said Biden told him he's "feeling fine."

He said that Biden had paused taking two other prescription medications – a cholesterol medication and a blood thinner – while taking Paxlovid, as is general practice.

Jha said he didn't know when Biden was infected with COVID; press secretary Jean-Pierre said she didn't "think that matters."

Dr. Jha was asked about the risk that Biden could have a "rebound" after his paxlovid treatment and said clinical data shows the risk of that is very low, though he wouldn't expect the president to develop serious illness if that happened.

Jha said Biden is "breathing well and his oxygen level is normal."

He also said the White House medical unit is conducting contact tracing to reach out to anyone who meets the CDC definition of a close contact. Jean-Pierre said they did not yet have information on how many people may have been close contacts.

On the president's symptoms, Jean-Pierre said she could not "pinpoint" exactly when his mild symptoms set in, but Jha said Biden reported feeling "totally normal" during the day yesterday. He also said Biden doesn't have a fever.

Jean-Pierre said daily updates on Biden's condition will come in the form of statements from his physician Dr. Kevin O'Connor.

While vaccines, booster shots and antivirals reduce the chances for severe illness or hospitalization from COVID-19, the virus presents an increased risk to older people. At 79, Biden is the oldest president in U.S. history. He is fully vaccinated and has received two booster shots, receiving a fourth dose of the Pfizer BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine a day after it was authorized in March for people over 50.

"Per standard protocol for any positive case at the White House, the White House Medical Unit will inform all close contacts of the President during the day today, including any Members of Congress and any members of the press who interacted with the President during yesterday's travel" to Somerset, Mass., the statement said.

Other than the Massachusetts event, Biden had mostly stayed out of view from cameras since returning from a five-day trip to the Middle East.

If Biden's condition were to seriously deteriorate, he would have the option of temporarily transferring presidential power to Vice President Harris through the Constitution's 25th Amendment. Harris served as acting president for a bit more than an hour in November, when Biden underwent anesthesia for a routine colonoscopy during a physical. President George W. Bush and Ronald Reagan also invoked the 25th Amendment for short windows during colonoscopies.

Biden's diagnosis comes amid yet another COVID wave in the United States, driven this time by the BA.5 variant.

For his first year in office, a cautious approach to COVID had been a defining feature of the Biden administration. Biden avoided large indoor gatherings, the White House imposed mask mandates, and staffers would regularly hold Zoom meetings from behind closed doors in their offices, rather than congregate for in-person meetings.

Many of those precautions faded over the course of 2022. The administration packed the East Room for ceremonial events, and even resumed public tours.

Behind closed doors, however, the administration continued to implement stricter COVID protocols around the president. Staffers are tested before meetings with Biden, and they still mask and stay six feet away from him during meetings, according to Jean-Pierre.

Still, in the week leading up to Biden's positive test, he had lingered for extended conversations, posed for pictures and gave hugs at the Congressional Picnic on the White House South Lawn; Biden shook hands — and, controversially, exchanged fist bumps — with leaders in Israel, the West Bank and Saudi Arabia.

Biden did not wear a mask in many of the meetings and other events on the four-day trip.

While Biden had avoided the virus until now, several other high-ranking administration officials have tested positive for COVID-19 over the past two years, including Harris, Second Gentleman Douglas Emhoff, Secretary of State Antony Blinken and former press secretary Jen Psaki.

No high-ranking White House officials have reported serious symptoms.

Biden is the latest government leader to contract COVID-19

Several heads of government have contracted COVID-19 since the pandemic began. In January, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who is vaccinated and boosted, announced he had tested positive for the virus.

Former President Donald Trump, then 74, contracted COVID-19 in October 2020, before vaccines were available. Despite public assurances from Trump, White House officials and doctors who spoke to the press about Trump's condition, the virus was serious enough that Trump was admitted to Walter Reed Hospital for a weekend.

Trump was treated with remdesivir and the steroid dexomethasone while in the hospital, but many details about his condition were unclear because of discrepancies between accounts from his advisers and his medical team. He resumed holding public events about a week after his diagnosis, which came during a pivotal point during the presidential election campaign.

The Trump White House did not take COVID-19 precautions seriously, and regularly mocked masking and other safety protocols. Shortly before announcing he had tested positive, Trump had presided over a crowded event announcing now-Justice Amy Coney Barrett as his third pick to fill a Supreme Court seat. About a dozen people who were at the event became sick with COVID in subsequent days.

In contrast, the Biden White House put in place strict coronavirus safety rules for its staff, and kept them in place far longer than many Americans did. Biden only stopped masking in public and limiting indoor contacts in March 2022, after cases across the U.S. plummeted in the wake of the omicron variant surge.

When Biden had a noticeably hoarse throat and congestion in early December, the White House physician released a memo saying the president had been tested for COVID three times that week, and was negative.

Biden has staked his presidency around the promise of bringing the pandemic under control through an aggressive, centrally organized federal response.

In the early months of his presidency, polls showed voters approved of the way Biden was handling the issue, reflecting the relatively rapid distribution of vaccines, and trillions of dollars in COVID relief aimed at boosting testing supplies and safeguarding schools for a return to more widespread in-person learning. But his approval ratings began to sag after several months as the pandemic lingered.

In the wake of the omicron variant, as public opinion polls showed many Americans were fatigued by nearly two years of COVID safety protocols, the administration began talking more about COVID as a long-term challenge to live with, akin to seasonal flu waves, rather than a crisis demanding constant focus.

Biden has fended off questions about his age and health since the beginning of his presidential campaign. Public opinion polls have shown Americans are worried about Biden's health as he has battled economic woes, resurgent COVID variants, and foreign policy crises.

Now, the Biden administration faces the symbolism of a thrice-vaccinated president still being infected with a virus that has lingered over his time in office.

Copyright 2022 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Scott Detrow is a White House correspondent for NPR and co-hosts the NPR Politics Podcast.

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